What Happens When You Ferment Vegetables? – Here’s the Answer

Over the past decades, most people have been fermenting to increase the stability of fresh food. Fermenting the vegetables and other foods will make them safe to eat when you don’t have a fridge and ensure that the flavor is enhanced. The process of vegetables and food fermentation can be done in tiny homes and on a large scale at the factories.

During the fermentation process of vegetables, bacteria and yeast usually break down the sugars into acids and carbon dioxide, and other components that can be produced. They can quickly occur as long as all the conditions that aid the process of fermentation take place.

The article will explain what happens when the vegetables and other food are fermented. Steps on how the fermentation process occurs will be captured in the article and the advantages of having fermented foods.

What happens when you ferment vegetables or food?

what happens when you ferment vegetables

During the initial or first fermentation stage, we put or insert the vegetables into the salty brine. The idea of placing the vegetable into the salty brine is to kill all the bacteria leaving lactobacillus to flourish.

At the second stage of fermentation, the lactobacillus bacteria consume the sugars available inside the vegetables. It also converts them into lactic acid; when the lactic acid has been formed, they create an acidic environment conducive to preserving vegetables on any food and making their taste sour.

The fermented vegetables are very safe and recommended for consumption because they will not make one sick in one way or another. When you are using salt in the process, it will ensure that the all-good bacteria will remain inside the fermented foods. The fermented food will also prevent you from being affected by some diseases related to food and vegetables.

Fermenting vegetables

Fermenting vegetables

The process of food or vegetable fermentation usually begins with Lacto fermentation, which is a simple way of preserving food that ensures that the nutrient content inside the food has been maintained. The bacteria inside the food will ensure that the nutrients inside the food can reach them in the required state and form. These bacteria also produce enzymes that are very useful in indigestion.

Most of all, the vegetables can be fermented and preserved in one way or another. Fermentation of fresh vegetables that come directly from the farm is the best thing since they are still fresh and have all the required nutrients. You can ferment an individual variety of vegetables or mix them so that you have the best quality nutrients at the end. Fermenting different types of vegetables is advisable since you will have different varieties of nutrients at the end.

Steps to ferment vegetables

MethodFunctionEssential product
Assemble all your fermentation equipment Gathers all the requirements you needCheck Amazon for the best fermenting knife vessels
Prepare the vegetables you want to fermentGets you ready for the process 
Decide on the solution you use: salt, starter culture, or even wheyHelps you choose what to use 
When preparing the brine, ensure that you use water Allows you to follow all the steps 
After preparing the brine, weigh the prepared vegetable down the brineCheck the weight of the vegetablesCheck Amazon for the best brine to use
Transfer the fermented vegetables to a cold storage Gives room for storage 
To check if the process is complete Check the end product 

1. Assemble all your fermentation equipment

Steps to ferment vegetables

When you want to ferment your food or vegetables, it does not need you to have so much specialized equipment, but you can only have some simple and standard equipment for the entire process. For example, simple tools such as fermenting knife vessels, among other things, will make the process a success when you have assembled them. But one thing that you should keep in mind before choosing any tool to use is the process; you should choose what the best tool you can use is. For example, one of the best fermentation tools that I recommend that you use when you need it is the Mason tops fermentation equipment that can continuously be used with the regular-mouths and other giant wide-mouth jars. The equipment is available, and one can get them when one needs to use them. You can also ensure that you have the best equipment so that you can get the best fermentation process.

2. Prepare the vegetables you want to ferment

In general, there are so many methods and ways that you can use to prepare your vegetables for fermenting. Some of the ways one might use include shredding, slicing, grating, chopping, or even leaving the way they are when you harvested or bought them. But how one will choose the method to prepare the vegetables to be fermented will depend on your needs and decisions. The best way to prepare is to leave as a whole since the process will be fast and easy when you don’t have some preparation tools at hand.

3. Decide on the solution you use: salt, starter culture, or even whey

Salt, whey, and starter culture are the recipes used when preserving and preparing any food. But the formula or method you could choose will depend on personal taste, decisions, and how one loves to use them. Some special diets will also determine the recipe you can use in the fermentation process.

When you decide that in your fermentation, you are using salt as a method, ensure that you choose the best quality salt from the options that you. It will help you get the best result after you have fermented your food or vegetables.

4. When preparing the brine, ensure that you use water

Ensure that you have clean water that is not contaminated when you want to prepare the brine and the starter culture. The idea will give the best taste of the fermented vegetables. Ensure that you don’t have any water but rather soft and when you are culturing so that it will not affect and interfere with the taste of your food at the end.

5. After preparing the brine, weigh the prepared vegetable down the brine

After you have completed preparing the vegetables and putting them inside the fermentation vessels, weigh them under the brine. It will ensure that the vegetables remain in an anaerobic condition during fermentation for a proper fermentation process to take place.

6. Transfer the fermented vegetables to a cold storage

After the culture process is over, now is the right time to transfer them to a cold place for storage. Since it may be challenging to decide if the vegetables have been fully fermented, you can only leave them before moving them. You can choose by yourself at the right time to do it, but you can know when to move them to a cold place if you follow the above steps.

7. To check if the process is complete

Different vegetables can turn differently during the culturing process after the fermentation process is over. But it would help if you were keen to observe the changes to transfer the fermented vegetables.


The fermentation process will occur when the conditions that favor the approach occur. Some situations that facilitate the process include alcohol, yeast, sugar, bacteria, air, and a favorable temperature. When the concentration of alcohol and yeast is high in the food, the fermentation process might stop.

Vegetables can be fermented the same as other types of foods. The fermented vegetables are very good for consumption because they have beneficial bacteria that aid in digestion. Therefore, fermented food and vegetables are safe and suitable for consumption because they prevent you from eating contaminated food. The fermented food and vegetables are also free from bad and harmful bacteria that lead to food poisoning.